Elderly Patient in Hospital

Isolation and Mortality

Angie Szumlinski Studies

Social isolation, generally defined as having few social network ties or infrequent social contact, is an important public health concern that affects many older adults. By age 85, 39% of older adults live alone, and socially isolated adults experience high rates of negative health outcomes, including premature mortality and a 5% increase in the risk of dementia. In the LTC …

Xray image of hip fracture

Fracture Hospitalization Trends

Angie Szumlinski Studies

Fractures in late life are highly consequential for health, services use, and spending, however, little is known about trends in extremity fracture hospitalizations among older adults in the United States. Although trauma-related death and disability is most common among young and working-age Americans, older adults comprise approximately 30% of trauma hospitalizations. While both injurious falls and osteoporotic hip fractures have …

Excess COVID-19 Mortality Assisted Living

Angie Szumlinski Studies

In a study published in JAMA Network Open, they examined the excess mortality among assisted living residents in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. After adjusting for facility fixed effects, assisted living residents experienced 17% higher overall mortality in 2020 compared with the prior year. These results suggest that assisted living residents experienced increased mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic …

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM)

Angie Szumlinski Studies

Per an article published in JAMA Network, adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes had better outcomes using continuous glucose monitoring versus blood glucose meter monitoring. The trend in geriatric care has been to step away from using sliding scale insulin, opting for long-acting insulins such as Lantus instead. This recent study indicates that continuous monitoring using a medical device …

eNoses Ingenious!

Angie Szumlinski Studies

Rapid diagnosis is key to curtailing the COVID-19 pandemic. One path to such rapid diagnosis may rely on identifying volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by the infected body, or in other words, identifying the smell of the infection. Consistent with this rationale, dogs can use their nose to identify COVID-19 patients. Given the scale of the pandemic, however, animal deployment …

Legionnaires Disease

Legionnaires’ Disease Fact Sheet from the CDC

Angie Szumlinski Health

Legionnaires’ (LEE-juh-nares) disease is a very serious type ofpneumonia (lung infection) caused by bacteria called Legionella. Ifyou develop pneumonia symptoms and may have been exposed toLegionella, see a doctor right away. Be sure to mention if you haveused a hot tub, spent any nights away from home, or stayed in ahospital in the last two weeks

Brain Age

Angie Szumlinski Studies

In a study published in SLEEP, EEGs were used to gather clinically relevant information for personalized patient health evaluations and a comprehensive assessment of sleep. In the study, a deep neural network (DNN) model was trained to predict the age of patients using raw EEG signals. The researchers found that DNNs can accurately predict the brain age of healthy patients. …

Mouth breathing fire

Burning Mouth Syndrome

Angie Szumlinski Health

If you have ever experienced a burning mouth, you know it is extremely unpleasant! I’m not referring to burning your mouth on hot liquids but rather a burning sensation that is totally unprovoked. According to the JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery publication, burning mouth syndrome occurs in about 90-120 of 100,000 people. Women are more likely to have the syndrome …

Regular and irregular heart beat graph

Atrial Fibrillation

Angie Szumlinski Studies

Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and often rapid heart rate. The heart has 4 chambers through which blood flows before being sent to the rest of the body to deliver oxygen and vital nutrients. The top 2 chambers are the atria and are important in helping blood reach the bottom 2 chambers, the ventricles. The right ventricle squeezes blood into …

Man wearing surgical mask

Aerosol Particle Escape

Angie Szumlinski Studies

In a recent article published in Scientific Reports, there was a discussion regarding the use of surgical masks to reduce the emission of expiratory particles produced via breathing, talking, coughing, or sneezing. Two factors play a primary role in determining the overall particle reduction efficiency of a given mask type: the material filtering efficiency, which depends on the particle size, …