Effectiveness of BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccine

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

As mass vaccination campaigns against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) commence worldwide, vaccine effectiveness needs to be assessed for a range of outcomes across diverse populations in a non-controlled setting. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine cited data from Israel’s largest health care organization to evaluate the effectiveness of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine. The study evaluated the …

Seropositive Antibody Test – Reinfection

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

Limited research has shown that the majority of patients who clear their infections of SARS-CoV-2 develop serum antibodies against the virus that last for at least several months but may decline over time. Although it has been speculated that the development of antibodies may be associated with a decreased risk of reinfection, the evidence for this hypothesis is limited and …

Antimicrobial Use Appropriateness

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

Optimizing antimicrobial use is critical to slowing the spread of resistant pathogens. In 2014, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) called for acute care hospitals to implement antimicrobial stewardship programs with the goal of improving antimicrobial use to optimize infection cur rates and minimize harms. Efforts to evaluate antimicrobial stewardship programs’ effect on hospital antimicrobial use typically …

Parkinson’s Diagnosis

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting over 6 million globally, second only in prevalence to Alzheimer’s disease. There is currently no conclusive, pre-clinical diagnostic test for PD, diagnosis is usually made through observations by a physician of the decline in motor function. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common non-motor symptom reported in 60% of people with Parkinson’s. This condition …

Remember Unna Boots?

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

A venous leg ulcer (VLU), also known as a varicose ulcer, stasis ulcer, or phlebostatic ulcer, is the most common ulcer of the leg, accounting for about 70% of all ulcerations. The clinical features of VLUs include increased skin temperature of the lower extremities, edema, varicose veins, and skin changes, such as stasis eczema, skin sclerosis, and hyperpigmentation. In 1882, …

Type 2 Diabetes and Parkinson’s Disease

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society published an article discussing the impact of Type 2 diabetes on Parkinson’s disease. Both of these diseases affect an aging population and although studies have explored the relationship between the two diseases, results have been conflicting. The objective of their study was to investigate Type 2 diabetes with Parkinson’s disease progression. At the …

Status of COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

The effects of COVID-19 are highly variable, ranging from individuals who are asymptomatic to patients who develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, with potential involvement of almost all organs and systems. These acute symptoms have been well described since the first cohort studies that were published at the beginning of the pandemic. In a recent study of 478 patients who …

Antimicrobial Stewardship During Pandemic

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

In the spring of 2020, New York City quickly became a hotspot for the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, putting a strain on local healthcare systems. Antimicrobial stewardship programs faced diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainties as well as healthcare resource challenges. With the lack of effective antivirals, antibiotic use in critically ill patients was difficult to avoid. Uncertainty drove antimicrobial …

Sing!

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

Researchers have made new discoveries on the benefits of choir singing which may include positive effects on cognitive functioning, similar to playing a musical instrument! The cognitive benefits of playing an instrument are already fairly well known; such activity can improve cognitive flexibility, or the ability to regulate and switch focus between different thought processes. However, the cognitive benefits of …

Use and Fit of Face Masks

Angie Szumlinski Health, Studies

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to more than 200 countries and regions within the last year, causing a once-in-a-century health crisis with more than 90 million cases and 1.9 million deaths worldwide. The use of face masks has been widely recommended to reduce the risk of infection with the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological …